Introduction

The primary methods for preventing employee exposure to hazardous materials are elimination, engineering, and administrative controls. Personal protective equipment will often be required in addition to where these control methods are not appropriate or sufficient to control the hazard

For research labs, click here for lab-specific PPE requirements, guidelines and resources.

The process for identifying work processes/tasks where specific PPE is required is called a PPE Hazard Assessment.

Performing a PPE Hazard Assessment:

  1. Evaluate each work process/task and identify uncontrolled hazards where PPE is necessary to protect the worker.
  2. Select the appropriate PPE.  (Refer to PPE Hazard Assessment (link) for guidance)
  3. Document the assessment.  OSHA standards require PPE Hazard Assessments be documented – refer to PPE Hazard Assessment form for guidance.  Keep in mind, you can simplify the process by grouping processes/tasks together if they have the same PPE requirements.
  4. Train employees on the hazards identified in the PPE Hazard Assessment and PPE selection determinations.

 What’s on This Page:

PPE Hazard Assessment

Contact EHS env-health-occ-safety@ncsu.edu with any questions.

Eyes and Face (Appendix A)

  • Safety glasses
    • Prevents impacts from particles and flying objects. Side protection is required
    • Look for the “ANSI Z87” stamp on the glasses. It’s required
  • Goggles
    • Protection from flying particles, liquid splashes, heat, and glare.
  • Face Shields
    • Used for pouring liquids and working with molten metals or corrosives. Note: Safety glasses should always be worn under face shields.
    • Prescription glasses must meet the ANSI standard for protection

Head (Appendix B)

  • Use to protect from impact or shock hazards
  • Type 1 & Type 2 hard hats
  • Electrical protective hard hats
  • Bump caps

Foot and Leg Protection (Appendix C)

Each department is responsible for buying protective footwear each employee required to wear it. The current state allotment for non-specialty safety shoes can be found at this link.

Minimum workplace foot protection is closed toed shoes (labs, kitchens)

Types of Foot Protection

  • Safety toe or toe/metatarsal shoes required for crushing or impact hazards (> 50 lbs)
  • Electrical Hazard (EH) rated shoes are required for electrical hazards
  • Slip Resistant shoes are required for wet areas
  • Puncture Resistant shoes are required for puncture hazards
  • For more information 

Hand and Arm Protection (Appendix D)

  • For rough work use work gloves or cut resistant gloves
  • Certain chemicals pose a skin absorption hazard
  • Glove selection should be done after reviewing manufacturer’s data.
  • Common hazardous chemicals are listed in tables that list their permeation rates and recommended glove type.
  • For more information 

Protective Clothing / Body Wear (Appendix E)

Fall Protection (Appendix F)

  • Fall protection is required for working higher than 4 feet,  6 feet for construction or any height above a hazardous location.
  • Use guardrails or parapets, 39”-45”, whenever possible.
  • Never use fall arrest when you can use fall restraint.
  • Additional training is required for personal fall protection systems.

Hearing Protection (Appendix G)

  • A Hazard Assessment will determine the best type to use
  • EHS can measure the sound level and exposure
  • Medical monitoring may be required
  • For more information [link to Appendix G]
  • Ear Plugs
    • Offer the greatest level of protection
    • Light and compatible with other PPE
    • Must be inserted properly – training is Required
  • Ear Muffs
    • Easily adjusted to fit snugly on the wearer’s head and easy to fit
    • Can be uncomfortable in hot environments
  • For more information
  • Also visit  Hearing Conservation Program (HCP)

Respiratory Protection (Appendix H)

Training (PPE Training)

  • Employees must receive PPE training prior to being assigned tasks requiring the use of PPE, and demonstrate an understanding of its use and limitations.
  • Training must include PPE selection decisions, when PPE must be worn, how to wear, adjust, maintain, and discard the equipment, and the limitations of the PPE.
  • All training must be documented.
  • Employees required to wear PPE must be aware that PPE does not eliminate the hazard. If the equipment fails, or is not worn or used properly, the employee will be exposed to the hazard and may suffer injury or illness.

Hazard Specific Programs

The following programs have requirements that include the use of PPE

 

                                          

Program Contact Information

Reference Documents